The Top Tech Stacks for Web Development in 2020, and How to Choose the Best Fit for Your Company

The success of web solutions depends on how effectively they solve the user’s problems. To do so, any solution must-have functionality that is developed correctly. What is a tech stack? That is the question that we shall endeavor to answer in such a way that you understand it entirely. The right development toolkit or technology stack for your web application is essential.

Considering all issues when choosing the correct web tech stack and aligning it with your product needs before development is vital. It prevents a significant number of future problems for businesses of every description. When you pick the right tech stack, it saves you a great deal of money on a project’s back end. Current web technologies exist that easily enable this to happen.

Let’s explain exactly what a tech stack is, and then we’ll go over how to choose the right one for your web development endeavor.

What is a Technology Stack?

A tech stack refers to a set of technologies, programming languages, frameworks, software, and tools, including server infrastructure. They are used in the development and deployment of sites, apps, and other digital products. Any decent web development company should know all about them.

Tech Stacks and the Web Development Process

What’s the most popular development environment in 2020? That would be a company that fully understands and embraces the subtle nuances of the web development process.

When we’re talking about website and app development, there is usually what is referred to as the client-side part of it, or the front-end. The other aspect of it is the server-side, also called the back-end. Both these parts have to be executed flawlessly and married together successfully for your project or product to accomplish what you set out for it to do. That is why you must select the right web application development language.

Front-End Development Technologies

Front-end or client-side web development refers to everything a user sees on their screen. That’s going to be the case regardless of whether your intention is to create an app for your company, a website, or both. A list of the latest web development technologies for 2020 would hardly be complete without mentioning some favorite tools for front-end deployment.

The most common toolkits used in front-end development are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These should not be considered new front-end technologies. Rather, they have existed for some time and are known by programmers.

  • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a standardized system used for tagging text files on World Wide Web pages. You can use it for decisions having to do with font type, colors, graphics, and hyperlink effects.
  • CSS means Cascading Style Sheets. It reflects HTML code, and you can use it to easily apply different fonts, sizes, colors, and formats within your website or app. It is the second-most basic language in front-end development.
  • JavaScript is a programming language that is commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers. Along with JavaScript coding, HTML web pages can become interactive and highly personalized for each user.

The HTML and CSS Toolkits

There are several frameworks used for HTML and CSS that have become quite popular in web development. As you’re looking at the best technology stack for web application possibilities, these ones should certainly be on your radar. Here’s a list of a few of them:

  • Bootstrap
  • Foundation
  • Bulma
  • UIkit
  • Susy
  • Materialize
  • Pure

Perhaps the most used of these are Bootstrap and Foundation. Bootstrap uses HTML, CSS, and the jQuery library to create extremely responsive web pages. Foundation, meanwhile, is ideal for developing websites that are both responsive and nimble. It might be the best language to develop web applications in 2019.

The Best JavaScript Tech Stack for Front-End Development

To make your web solution interactive and competitive within your niche, you need to apply the best JavaScript Frameworks. They are:

  • Angular
  • React
  • Vue.js (the progressive JavaScript framework)

These would be considered the top Java framework for web applications based on how many sites choose to feature them. It’s some of the best technology for web application development.

Back-End Development Technology Stacks

In the case of back-end or server-side development stacks, you need to understand that the back-end is what executes CRUD operations for any app or website. CRUD is an acronym that means Create, Read, Update, and Demand. It refers to the ease of the operational language out of which the app or site is created. Remember that web application development tools and technologies should always make your job easier. You can look at a list of web application projects in Java to get some ideas before starting your app development.

In back-end technology, there are many different programming languages. The most commonly used are Java, PHP, Go, Python, JavaScript, and Dart. These are all modern web technologies about which you should certainly know.

The most efficient types of back-end tech stacks include the following:

LAMP

The LAMP stack is considered to be a classic. It is traditionally used to create an environment for running PHP applications. It can be used for hosting websites on Linux. It is the technology used in website development that many programmers consider essential.

The stack is made up of the following technologies: Linux (the environments OS), Apache (the HTTP server), MySQL (the database), and PHP (the server-side programming language). The WordPress, Drupal, and Larave Apps were all built using the LAMP stack.

Wins

What is new technology in web development? Wins would be a prime example. Windows Internet Naming Service (Wins) is another back-end stack that consists of Windows Server, Internet Information Services, .Net, and the Microsoft SQL Server.

MEAN

The MEAN stack consists of MongoDB, express.js, angular.js, and node.js. It is more of a full-stack structure. It’s an open-source JavaScript software stack commonly used for building dynamic web sites and applications. Some consider it to be the best web application platform.

Xampp (X, Apache, MySQL or MariaDB, PHP, Perl) Stack

The Xampp toolkit consists of X, Apache, MySQL or MariaDB, PHP, and Perl. The AMP stack lets you install Apache, MySQL, and PHP on your computer, together with some other useful software. It was designed to provide you with an easy installation experience. It is one of the most powerful technologies used for web application development.

MERN Stack

The MERN core web technology stack consists of MongoDB, Express, React/Redux, and Node.js. It’s very similar to the MEAN stack. It has risen to prominence through the popularity of ReactJS in front-end development and NodeJS in back-end development. It is most useful for building high-end, single-page applications, and it is in the running for the best Java framework for web applications.

Serverless Stack

Serverless computing and function-as-a-service platforms are other variants that are worth mentioning. They help execute all operational responsibilities that servers, environments, or databases within a project would normally have.

An example of these serverless platforms would be AWS Lambda. It was one of the first of the platforms. Google Cloud is a significant provider of serverless computing services. They offer a wide variety of them. The serverless stack could be considered one of the better client-side web development technologies.

The Latest in Web Development Technology

Now you’re familiar with some of the most efficient tech stacks for web development. Let’s briefly go over some other technologies that should be instrumental in this area for the coming year.

Progressive Web Apps

This is one of the latest web development technology trends that is expected to be prevalent in the near future. Users love them because they load like web pages, but they have a lot more functionality to them. By using WebAssembly, the code in any programming language can be compiled into bytecode that runs in a browser.

Single Page Applications

This is a JavaScript-based web app which works well across many different user devices. It increases the performance level and needs little development time. When using it, there is no need to create a request to obtain new HTML from the server-side. It is an excellent choice for creating a responsive web site since SPAs are based on Angular and React frameworks.

Accelerated Mobile Pages
This Google-developed product has become the latest sensation. As an open-source platform, AMP was developed to increase the speed and performance of websites to deliver a superior user experience. Mobile users are likely to benefit more with AMP, as it offers time-saving and enhanced SEO features.

Blockchain in Web Development
Ethereum, the most popular open-source platform for blockchain projects, recently released a JavaScript library web3.js. You can use it to create smart contracts, write and read data from digital documents, transfer ether between two accounts, and more.

Web3 Library is also available for other programming languages, including Python, Java, PHP, Swift, Scala, etc. Building decentralized applications with user-friendly web interfaces is becoming easier.

AR and VR Technologies in Web Development

VR technology is in the midst of being transitioned into the web. 2020 will surely see more VR-based applications being developed across many different niches.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are going to be applied more in software. They can analyze incoming data, detect patterns, make rapid decisions, and improve their overall functionality. They should soon be one of the most used web technologies.

Well, now you got what is basic web development stack and what trends in web development will work for a few next years. But still, it doesn’t mean that you need to incorporate all stack and technologies into your one software. Think about your primary users’ needs and business purposes, keep in mind these factors in choosing tech stack for the web solution in the right way and for sure it will become cutting-edge on the market.

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