NASA has announced that it has invested a substantial proportion of its annual budget on some of the most futuristic projects ways ahead of their time. The unique but very exciting project has got an approval nod from NIAC, while they could also bring space tourism earlier than we originally thought.
NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts(NIAC), is the body that allows submission of new ideas from forward-thinking scientists. Out of the 13 proposals, eight have been selected by the organisation. These ideas clearly have the power to change the entire aerospace mission, while the goal of the mission is the colonization of Mars and potentially redistribute a large base of Earth’s population there.
The projects are still in early stages and there is an adamant chance that they may fail in the coming ten years.
Under the program, the worth of every single project accounts for $500,000, for a 24-month research. This amount is invested by NASA, as long as the project shows feasible and beneficial initial results.
Of all the eight missions selected by NASA, we will be listing those four that we found most intriguing.
Scientists estimate that it takes nine months to travel to Mars and not only will it be a tedious trip, but a substantial amount of the budget aimed for the mission will be covering just the travelling expenses.
With that in mind, in a bid to reduce running fees, scientists are shifting their focus on a project developed by Spaceworks Engineering. In this, the body is exposed to Hyperthermia and will achieve a state of human stasis. The core body temperature is lowered by 12 degrees Celsius so that metabolic rate is lowered in the body.
Astronauts will engage in deep sleep and if the project is successful, it will render the human body capable of traveling beyond our solar system.
David Kirtley, nuclear engineer and founder of Helion Energy, has come up with an idea where thousands of dollar in mission cost can be saved by wrapping the spacecraft in a shell of plasma to perform the aerobraking.
If the mission becomes successful, not only will it protect astronomers from radiation, but will also save thousands of pounds invested on the deceleration that the spacecraft has to achieve to safely land on the Red planet.
Laser Propulsion System
This project has received funding from billionaire Yuri Milner and will not be ready for 30 years. According to Physicist Philip Lubin, the travel to Mars can be shortened by the Laser Propulsion System. The laser Propulsion System will shorten the time taken by tiny spacecraft to reach Mars.
Growable Space Habitat
Even though no clear projection has been decided on when the project will become successful, all the efforts are primarily based on a concept called tensegrity.
There are much more other cool projects that have been approved by NASA and by looking at some of them, it appears that going to Mars will not be limited just to astronauts for much longer.